Throughout centuries of watchmaking there have been many iconic watches characterized by rich history, strong brand legacy, and advanced technical features. Here are only a few icons of the watchmaking industry that receive admiration to present day.
1. Omega Speedmaster Professional
The Omega Speedmaster Professional is undoubtedly one of the most iconic watches ever created. Nicknamed the Moonwatch, it took part in several moon landings and a rescue mission in space. It has been an irreplaceable element in NASA's official kit for decades. Its timeless design is yet another factor that makes it so recognizable and loved by watch wearers.
2. Rolex Daytona
The Rolex Daytona is one of the legendary watches of the popular Swiss brand. Surprisingly, when it was launched in 1963, it didn't receive much appreciation. As time passed, it gained popularity as an accurate, practical, and aesthetically pleasing sports watch that could be worn in both formal and casual situations. This led to the market prices exploding. Today, Daytona is one of the most desirable Rolex models.
3. Patek Philippe Perpetual Calendar Chronograph
At one point, the Patek Philippe Calendar Chronograph held the record for the most expensive watch to be sold at an auction ($7.38 million). What makes this timepiece so pricey is the fact that it is the first wristwatch to have both a perpetual calendar and a chronograph function integrated in it. Also, it is the very first watch to be equipped with such complications. Patek Phillipe produced a limited number of this model.
4. Seiko Astron
When it comes to innovation, the Japanese brand Seiko is hard to beat. In 1969, they created the first quartz watch, the Seiko Astron, that caused the popularity of mechanical watches to drop dramatically.
Aside from introducing a new concept in the watchmaking lexicon, Seiko’s innovative engineers equipped the timepiece with a GPS mechanism, making it the first-ever GPS solar watch. The new technology allowed the wearer to adjust the time to a specific location with one push of a button. Moreover, being powered by the sun, the watch didn't require charging and winding.
Also called the watch that won the war, the A-11 is an icon of American watchmaking. It was specially created for the Allied soldiers in World War Two. As the environment required, it had to be shock-resistant, legible, and accurate. Aside from its utilitarian purpose, its robust design and vintage classic style makes it a coveted accessory for many watch enthusiasts today.
6. Longines Lindbergh Hour Angle
The Longines Lindbergh Hour Angle marked a revolution in the segment of navigation and pilot watches. The timepiece had a rotating disc that allows for the synchronization of the second-showing hand with a radio GMT signal.
This helps to calculate the longitude and latitude and determine the geographical position. Thanks to this feature, the Longines Longbergh Hour Angle is one of the most popular navigation watches to this day.
Here are some of the most famous goldsmiths in the world.
1. Andrien Vachette
Andrien Vachette was an illustrious French goldsmith who was the personal jeweler of Louis XVIII. He created gold boxes, jewelry pieces and other precious items for the king. One of Vachette's signature designs was jewelry with tortoiseshell incorporated in it. He loved adding natural materials into his designs which at that time was not practiced by any other goldsmith.
2. Paul Storr
Paul Storr is one of the prominent goldsmiths of the British Regency era who created stunning Neoclassical style jewelry and ornate pieces. His work was appreciated by the royalty with King George III and King George IV being some of the notable purchasers of his art. Storr's pieces are displayed today in Windsor Castle, Buckingham Palace, and the Metropolitan Museum of Art.
3. Jean-Valentin Morel
Learning the craft from Andrien Vachette, Jean-Valentin Morel became a master of goldsmithing recognized in the entire France. After the apprenticeship, he opened his business in 1818 dealing in stone cups, inlay patterns and later embossed products.
Morel's most successful project was the shop Morel & Cie which he founded in collaboration with silversmith Henri Duponchel. They created vases, jewelry, table silverware, and precious trinkets that were purchased by Pope Gregory XVI, the King of Sardinia, and William III of the Netherlands.
4. Jean Paul Miller
Jean Paul Miller was a remarkable 20th-century goldsmith and jeweler originated from the United States. He completed the Cleveland School of Art where he studied enameling and granulation, which involved placing tiny beads of precious metal on gold surface without using the solder.
His fine works inspired by the natural world are displayed in the Smithsonian Institute, the Museum of Arts and Design in New York City, Cleveland Museum of Art, and Yale University.
5. Jocelyn Burton
Jacelyn Burton was the first woman to become part of the Worshipful Company of Goldsmiths, which for seven centuries had been dominated exclusively by men. The British goldsmith has received the De Beers International Award in 1967 and the United Kingdom Jeweller Award in 1995.
Her work was inspired by nature subjects and evoked emotion, elegance, and femininity, which helped her stand out from men's work. While she was mainly focused on jewelry, she also made architectural lighting, tableware, and flatware.
6. Jo Hayes Ward
Jo Hayes Ward is easily recognized by her unique jewelry built around intricate 3D patterns. She positions differently shaped blocks or facets close to or on top of each other, so the light is reflected off the golden surface. She creates the design digitally, then 3D prints it in wax to later cast it in gold.
7. Ellis Mhairi Cameron
A recent winner of the UK Jewellery Awards, Ellis Mhairi Cameron is one of the most promising and notable contemporary goldsmiths and jewelry designers. She takes her inspiration from the rough terrain of her native Scotland creating stunningly organic pieces that are shaped like shards and evoke strong relation to wild nature.
Most of America's economy comes from shopping. Even though online shopping is on the rise, more people are still going into different stores every day. There are some stores American's keep coming back to over and over again. Whether it's because of quality, price, or brand loyalty, these stores end up more popular than anyone else. At a time when brick and mortar stores are closing left and right, these five stores are attracting people over and over again.
These are stores for shopping. We're not counting restaurants in this countdown. These are regular retail stores. Most of these are warehouse stores people recognize. These are the five most popular stores in America.
This store has everything. It's the store that most people think of when they hear the term warehouse store. When you walk in, it's like you're walking into a giant warehouse. Most Walmarts today have the store for everyday items and a Supercenter for people to buy their food and fresh fruits and vegetables.
One of the things that attract customers to this store is its availability and accessibility. There is a Walmart in every state. If there isn't one in your home town, there is one not too far away. Most stores are also open twenty-four hours, so it doesn't matter what time you realize you need something you can get it.
This store prides itself not only on having the best products you could look for in your home improvement project, but the store takes pride in the services it provides for its customers. Even if the store doesn't have what you're looking for, you have the option of ordering it from the store. They also provide tool rentals in case you don't want to buy the tool you need for the project you plan on doing one time.
Like with Walmart, there's a Home Depot in every state. Even if there isn't one in your town, you know the closest city that has one. They may not be open 24/7 like Walmart, but for the time they are free, they will make sure you know exactly what you need for a project and help you get the best products you need.
Target is another warehouse store. These aren't as accessible as Walmart, or as cheap, but people prefer Target because of the quality of the products they're going to get. The only state in the US that doesn't have a Target in Vermont. Most stores are located in bigger cities, where there is a mall nearby. In other towns, Target is attached to the wall, often one of the stores that keeps the malls alive.
Target is unique on this list because it's one of the few brick and mortar stores that don't show any signs of struggling. Instead, they are doing fine, despite fewer people walking into a store. Target pays attention to consumer trends and uses the patterns to sell their products. They're not afraid of selling their products online.
In the Midwest, if your town doesn't have a Walmart, it has a Dollar General. Some cities have more than one Dollar General if they're big enough. Over the years, Dollar General keeps growing in popularity as a discount store in economic times. Regardless of whether the economy is in a recession or a recovery, people are flocking to Dollar General more than ever.
This store is a combination of both pharmacy and retail. Customers can have access to individual cards that help them gain points to special discounts by the things they buy. While most of Walgreen's revenue comes from the pharmacy, it also increases revenue from some of the services it offers. If someone needs to purchase a passport photo, they can come to Walgreens to get a passport picture taken.
All Walgreens locations are also a FedEx dropoff center. Even if someone doesn't buy something right away, they will keep coming back to drop off packages and buy something along the way.
Online shopping may be a rising trend with consumers, but these stores don't show any signs of slowing down with these trends. They keep raising revenue despite the signs they shouldn't.